France’s position in the global economy have somewhat weakened (1980 – 5.7% of world GDP). Country’s share in industrial production of OECD countries fell from 6.6 to 5.7% over the 80-ies. Decreased ability to export. Unemployment rate exceeded 10%. French industry is still a lack of specialization, difficulty adapting to the quickly changing demand in the markets. Comparable to the low efficiency of the productive apparatus is connected with the historical features of the economy, which in the 50-60s. Mainly focused on the domestic market and in external relations occupy an important place, developing countries, the main way, within the former colonial empire. Important role in this process was played by dominance in the structure of agriculture credit sector, which traditionally has overly cautious when implementing long-term industrial projects.