Ireland – Lepricons
The area of the country: 70,3 thousand square. km.
Population: 4,1 million
Republic of Ireland is situated on the western extremity of the European continent and almost completely occupies the island of the same name.
Climate of Ireland
The climate in Ireland is temperate oceanic. Thanks to the warm Gulf Stream mild winter, the average temperature +4-7 ° C, summer +14-17 ° C.
Government of Ireland
Political system of the country – a parliamentary republic. The head of the country is the president. Administratively, Ireland is divided into four historic provinces – Ulster, Munster, Leinster and Connaught, which are divided into 26 counties. In Ireland, home to two major nationalities – is the Irish and British, as the two official languages. By faith the bulk of the inhabitants of the country – Catholics.
Ireland – industrial-agrarian country. It has large reserves of minerals such as: peat, lead, copper, silver, zinc, natural gas. Located in one of the first places in the world in the production and use of peat. The main branch of agriculture – is livestock, which accounts for 80% of gross output. Agriculture is underdeveloped, it does not provide even the internal needs of the country. Well-developed sea and river fishing.
Flora and fauna of Ireland
Flora of Ireland is not too diverse. Evergreen grasslands interspersed with heathland. Forest sites are found in areas with rugged terrain and sandy soils.
History of Ireland
In the early Middle Ages, after the adoption of Christianity in the country, a number of feudal states, which fought each other feudal warriors. This allowed Anglo-Norman conquerors in the early XII century to begin colonization of the island, which lasted nearly 700 years. The most rapid colonization took place in the early XVII century. When British troops invaded the territory of Ireland, under the pretext of the spread of the Reformation.
During the occupation of the British Government’s special attention was paid to the colonization of Ulster – one of the provinces. And now Ulster is part of the UK, although in 1929 most of Ireland became a Dominion of Great Britain, and in April 1949 was proclaimed the Irish Republic.